KENYA’S ETHNIC GROUP POPULATION RANKING-2019 CENSUS

IMG-20200625-WA0176

1. KIKUYU 8,148,668
2. LUHYA 6,823,842
3. KALENJIN 6,358,113
4. LUO 5,066,966
5. KAMBA 4,663,910
6. KENYAN SOMALI 2,780,502
7. KISII 2,703,235
8. MIJIKENDA 2,488,691
9. MERU 1,975,869
10. MAASAI 1,189,522
11. TURKANA 1,016,174
12. TESO 417,670
13. EMBU 404,801
14. TAITA 344,415
15. SAMBURU 333,471
16. KURIA 313,854
17. BORAN 276,236
18. THARAKA 220,015
19. MBEERE 195,250
20. ORMA 158,993
21. SUBA 157,787
22. GABBRA 141,200
23. POKOMO 112,075 (NEW)
24. RENDILE 96,313
25. BAJUNI 91,422
26. KENYAN ARAB 59,021
27. SWAHILI 56,074
28. KENYAN ASIAN 47,555
29. BURJI 36,938
30. ILCHAMUS/NJEMPS 32,949
31. SAKUYE 27,006
32. TAVETA 26,590
33. DOROBO 23,171 (NEW)
34. WALWANA/MALAKOTE 21,774
35. NUBI 21,319
36. AWEER/WAATA 20,103
37. DASENACH 19,337
38. MAKONDE 3,764 (NEW)
39. WAYYU 3,761 (NEW)
40. KENYAN EUROPEAN 1,738
41. KONSO 1,299
42. EL MOLO 1,104
43. GOSHA 685
44. KENYAN AMERICAN 596
45. DAHALO 575 (NEW)
KENYANS (NO ETHNIC GROUP STATED) 183,023
TOTAL KENYAN CITIZEN POP-47,067,376
NON-KENYAN POP-463,562
NATIONALITY UNKNOWN-33,358
TOTAL POPULATION OF KENYA IN AUGUST, 2019-47,564,296

NOTES:
1. Ethnic group indicated as ‘NEW’ did not appear as a distinct ethnic group in 2009 census.
2. The Galjeel who appeared as a distinct ethnic group in 2009 census, do not appear on 2019, even as a sub-ethnic group of the Kenyan Somali (ranked 6).
3. The Njemps who appeared as distinct ethnic group in 2009 census is now treated as a single ethnic group with Ilchamus in 2019 census and known as Ilchamus/Njemps (ranked 30).
4. The Dorobo (ranked 33) who were treated as sub-ethnic group of the Kalenjin (ranked 3) are now a distinct ethnic group in 2019 census.
5. The El-Molo (ranked 42) who were treated as sub-ethnic group of the Kalenjin in 2009 census are now a distinct ethnic group in 2019 census.
6. The Galla who appeared as a distinct ethnic group in 2009 census now appear as a sub-ethnic group of the Orma (ranked 20). Since the Galla reside in Marsabit and are closely related with the Oromo of Ethiopia. It is not clear why they have been classified as a sub-ethnic group of the Orma who reside in Tana River. In the 2009 census the Orma had no sub-ethnic group but 2019 shows it as having two, the Galla and the Wardei.
7. The Waat who appeared as a distinct ethnic group in 2009 census now appear as the Aweer/Waata (ranked 36). They are related to the Somali.
8. The Leysan and the Isaak who both appeared as distinct ethnic groups in 2009 census now appear as sub-ethnic groups of the Kenyan Somali in 2019 census.
9. The Pokomo (ranked 23) who appeared as a sub-ethnic group of the Mijikenda (ranked 8) in 2009 census now appear as a distinct ethnic group.
10. The Wayyu (ranked 36) is a newly named ethnic group that was not included in 2009 census. It was previously called the Watta and resides in Marsabit.
11. The Makonde (ranked 35) were recognised as a new ethnic group by the Government in 2016. They were originally from Mozambique and were not included in any census as Kenya citizens before.
12. The Dahalo (ranked 45) and considered Kenya ‘s smallest ethnic group with only 575 people in the 2019 census. It appeared as a sub-ethnic group of the Mijikenda in 2009 census with population of 2,398. They are also known as the Sanye and reside in Tana River and Lamu. Their language is considered endangered and only 7 individuals could speak it in 2015.
13. The Masaai (ranked 11 in 2009) overtook the Turkana and are now ranked 10 in 2019 census while the Turkana move down to 11.
14. The Samburu (ranked 16th in 2009) overtook the Kuria and are ranked 15 in 2019 census while the Kuria drop to 16.
15. The Boran (ranked 19 in 2009) overtook both the Mbeere (18 in 2009) and the Tharaka (17 in 2009) to rank 17 in 2019 census with the Mbeere dropping to 19 and the Tharaka to 18.
16. The Orma (ranked 23 in 2009) overtook the Suba, Swahili and the Gabra to rank 20 in 2019 census.
17. The Swahili ethnic group had the largest loss of people as its population fell from 110,614 in 2009 census to 56,074 in 2019 census, dropping from rank 21 to 27. It is possible that some of its sub-ethnic groups no longer considered themselves as Swahili. They reside mainly in the Coast.
18. The Gosha had the largest loss proportionally of any ethnic group in Kenya when its population fell from 21,864 in 2009 census to only 645 in 2019, dropping in rank from 30 to 43, the third smallest of Kenya’s 45 ethnic group. The Gosha resides mainly in Mandera in North-Eastern Kenya but most live in Jubaland in Somalia.
19. The number of Kenyan Europeans fell from 5,166 in 2009 census to 1,738 in 2019 census. The number Kenyan Americans fell from 2,422 in 2009 census to only 596 in 2009 census. It is possible that this two groups may have taken up dual citizenship and decided to declare their non-Kenyan nationality in the 2019 census.

Published by MWALIMU Amunga Akhanyalabandu

Passionate about Advocacy on the REAWAKENING teachers in Kenya and reporting on the MULEMBE Nation. Having worked at the Kenya National Union OF TEACHERS in the advocacy department, I will be able to detail and explain about the welfare of teachers and their point of view on socio economic and political matters. Luhyia are the 2nd most populous ethnic group in Kenya. They are blessed with great land, topography, climate, resources and human Resource. We are also keen on Luhya Renaissance is about making the Mulembe People aware of their blessings, appreciating those blessings, defending them and putting them to proper use for the current and future generations.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s